I had a bit of time to test out the PCB from that LED light bulb. I've just been using continuity tester and ohm-meter for this. Here's the LED logic. High-side transistors but I haven't quite figured out how the resistors are wired. I've also established the A/C side of the switching regulator but I'm having trouble figuring out the output. Similar to the example in the datasheet but not quite the same.
The ATtiny13 microcontroller from that LED light bulb is now waiting for new firmware. I used High Voltage Serial Programming to erase the chip, which clears the lock bits. I then reset the high fuse back to 0xFF. It was 0xFA before which disables the reset pin (and enables brownout detection) making In System Programming impossible.
I finished mapping out the PCB and it does use the example circuit from the buck converter's datasheet. Looks like it was outputting 12V and using a 7V zener diode to step down to the 5V source the tiny13 needed. I'm going to depopulate the PSU and patch in a 12V feed for further testing. I'm thinking my first project will be a red/green flasher for a Christmas porch light.